In The link between charter school expansion and increasing segregation, Iris C. Rotberg highlights that problems exist in both re-segregation of schools in the U.S. and the rise of charter schools as separate and interrelated forces.
Schools in the U.S. are re-segregating, regardless of type—public, private, and charter.
And charter schools are not creating the education reform charter advocates claim, with one failure of the charter movement being segregating students by race and class.
Thus, it is important to focus on the evidence that shows the need to reconsider how to address segregation and the flawed support continuing for expanding charter schools.
Let me offer below a reader for such evidence:
- Made in America: Segregation by Design
- The Lingering Legacy of Segregation
- Segregated South Rises Again
- Charter Schools Not the Answer, Especially if We Fail to Identify the Question
- Charter Schools: A Primer
Some key points from Rotberg include the following:
#1. There is a strong link between school choice programs and an increase in student segregation by race, ethnicity, and income….
#2. The risk of segregation is a direct reflection of the design of the school choice program….
#3. Even beyond race, ethnicity, and income, school choice programs result in increased segregation for special education and language-minority students, as well as in increased segregation of students based on religion and culture….
I am not under the illusion that by modifying federal policy on charter schools we would solve the basic problem of segregation. But we could at least eliminate one factor exacerbating it: the federal pressure on states and school districts to proliferate charter schools, even in situations that might lend themselves to increased segregation. Instead of serving as a cheerleader for charter schools, the federal government might instead support diversity in schools and, at the same time, publicize the risks of increased student stratification.
Even apart from the negative effect of increased segregation, justifying federal advocacy of charter school expansion is difficult when there’s no evidence that charter schools, on average, are academically superior to traditional public schools or even that they can be more innovative given the Common Core State Standards and the testing associated with them.