What do zero-tolerance policies, “no excuses” practices, and grade retention have in common?
They all negatively and disproportionately impact children from poverty, minority children, English language learners, and boys; and nearly as disturbing, all are discredited by large bodies of research.
Is the tide turning against at least zero-tolerance policies? Lizette Alvarez reports:
Faced with mounting evidence that get-tough policies in schools are leading to arrest records, low academic achievement and high dropout rates that especially affect minority students, cities and school districts around the country are rethinking their approach to minor offenses.
Zero-tolerance policies, “no excuses” practices, and grade retention have something else in common: they should all be eradicated from our schools. And thus, here is a reader to help support calls for ending these practices and policies:
Police in the Hallways: Discipline in an Urban High School, Kathleen Nolan
The School-to-Prison Pipeline, Journal of Educational Controversy (vol. 7, issue 1, Fall/2012-Winter 2013)
New Schools, Old Problems [Review: Hope Against Hope], P. L. Thomas
Just Say No to Just Read, Florida, South Carolina [includes retention research]
Implementing Policies to Reduce the Likelihood of Preschool Expulsion, Walter S. Gilliam, PhD
Prekindergarteners Left Behind: Expulsion Rates in State Prekindergarten Programs, Walter S. Gilliam, PhD
The Mis-education of the Negro, Carter Godwin Woodson